HISTORY OF ADVENTURE EDUCATION
Contemporary Adventure Education has applied the tenents of experiential
learning since the 1930's when Kurt Hahn's Outward Bound Program
helped sailors survive during World War II.
The idea of Experiential Learning was conceived at the turn of the
Twentieth Century. John Dewey recognized that learning is a process
where students gain insights from their experiences. From his teachings,
the philosophy of experiential learning continues to grow. In spite
of trends in education, experiential learning has never been abandoned.
Rather, it has been nurtured and developed by leaders in learning:
David Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle, Howard Gardner's Multiple
Intelligences, and Daniel Goleman's Emotional Intelligence.
It is current brain research that recognizes experiential education's
impact on learning. In his book Learning with the Body in Mind,
Eric Jensen reports, "Researchers know that 'play' plays an integral
role in learning." He cites adventure play, non-competitive group
play and exercise play as recommended programs. In Super Teaching,
he further states, "Recent findings in brain research have validated
the use of many types of games which were previously dismissed as
findings recognize the importance of emotions, body memory, low
threat and high challenge exercise. Play embodies each of those elements.
Most recent research points specifically to adventure education: Adventure
Education has lasting impact on the social-emotional development
Now, this is the POWER of
Learning with the Body in Mind 59-60
Super Teaching 161
BERNARD & MARSHALL
Education Making a Lasting Difference
National Resilience Center
University of Minnesota